Most common languages in computer science

Ten Most Common Languages in Computer Science

Computer science has a huge market demand because it is one of the most profitable professions today. In order to make sure that your resume impresses employers, one should be well-versed with the various computer languages and their relative importance in this industry.  Computer science homework help is not only important in helping one learn the various computer languages but also in developing the necessary skills to perform well in the development of computer software.

In this article, we’re going to look at the 10 most common languages used in computer science and how they are used. 


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10 Most Common Languages in Computer Science

Before you start learning how to program, you must be conversant with some of these languages to stand out from your peers. The following are the most common computer science languages.

1. Python

Python is a general-purpose high-level programming language and most IT students who are interested in software development major in learning this language. Python is used primarily for web development, system administration, and software development. 

It supports object-oriented, imperative, functional, and procedural programming styles. The syntax of Python is similar to Perl and the C programming languages, as well as C++, but it eliminates many of the ambiguities and inefficiencies found in these languages.

2. Java

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, and object-oriented. Java was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (which has merged into Oracle Corporation) and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Microsystems’ Java platform. 

The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++ but has a simpler object model and fewer low-level facilities. Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. 

Uses of Java include Mobile App Development, Desktop GUI Applications, Web-based Applications, Gaming Application, etc. 

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is a high-level, dynamic, untyped, and interpreted programming language. It was created by Brendan Eich as a prototype scripting language for Web pages, and later de-siloed into an independent language by Netscape as an unofficial standard for web development. 

The ECMAScript standard of JavaScript is maintained by Ecma International (ECMA) and the Web programming community. 

Uses of JavaScript include client-side scripting and processing, server-side scripting, CGI applications, video games, and animations.

4. C

C is a general-purpose programming language, supporting structured programming, including individuals, functions, and classes. C compiles software to low-level machine code and is therefore sometimes described as a “systems language.”

Its design philosophy emphasizes high reliability and performance. Its portability across many operating systems has earned it the reputation of a universal language for computing. 

Uses of C include embedded system development, application development (programming), systems programming, and interfacing with other languages such as assembler or C++.

5. C++

C++ is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs between 1979 and 1983. 

It was designed to supersede C, though it also draws on elements of Algol and Simula. C++ adds features such as run-time typing, not normally found in similar languages, allowing type information to be propagated as the program executes. 

Uses of C++ include application development, system programming (prototyping), GUI development, and extensive template libraries.

6. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language that is widely used by the programming and development community. It is an interpreted language and an acronym for “Hypertext Preprocessor” (or “Hypertext Processor”). 

It was initially created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995 and is also used with the Apache Foundation’s web server (as a module). PHP can be used to generate dynamic web pages using HTTP, or as a bridge between other languages.

 Uses of PHP include client-side scripting and processing, server-side processing, data extraction, and generation, and Web services.

7. Ruby

Ruby is an open-source, object-oriented scripting language that was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in 1995. It is an implementation of the Perl language and adds many features originally present in Perl but not present in similar languages such as Python or Java, including object-oriented programming through Classes. 

Ruby is implemented in C with run-time support for several high-level scripting languages such as Ruby, Eiffel, Python, and Tcl added via the LLVM compiler infrastructure. 

Uses of Ruby include client-side scripting and processing, server-side processing, and data conversion.

8. Go

Go, a relatively new programming language is only beginning to gain momentum among programmers who work on major projects and for IT firms worldwide.

Go’s runtime environment and compiler are built upon LLVM and its package management system is written using dep. 

Uses of Go include application development (programming), building software that runs across multiple platforms, client-side scripting and processing, and server-side processing.

9. R

For creating statistical compilations, R is the most widely used computer language.

It was originally developed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka. Uses of R include statistical data analysis, educational programming training, and enterprise software.

10. C#

Among Microsoft developers, C#, sometimes known as C-sharp, is a popular language and is the primary language used in Microsoft. 

C# is a programming language developed by Microsoft. It is based on and adds advanced features to existing object-oriented programming languages by adding new keywords and methods such as inheritance and dynamic binding. 

Uses of C# include application development and customizing existing software.

Using the programming languages listed above, it is easy to understand why learning even one of the languages can be beneficial for both hobbyists wishing to understand how a programming language works or professional developers looking to expand their horizons.

 Keep in mind that learning one programming language, such as JavaScript, may help you learn advanced languages later on. With some basic knowledge of JavaScript, a programmer can easily pick up other similar languages. Or with small changes in syntax and structure, you can use the same programming logic across multiple languages.