gened essay 3 (final exam)

 Final Exam

Please identify each of the following concepts, including both a specific definition and the larger significance of the term as it relates to comparative politics in no more than five sentences. Where appropriate, give reference to readings or course lectures. No examples or outside sources are allowed. Citation is not required, but you must indicate where you got the ideas from.

Each question is worth 1 point.

You are expected to complete the exam on your own – this is by the honor system, but two identical answers will draw suspicion… Please answer the questions in order by copying and pasting the list into your document. FPTP: Devolution: Sufficient Conditions: Patronage: Bureaucracy: Constructivism: Constitutional Patriotism: Human Weapon: The Resource Curse: Globalization: Dependency Theory: Modernization: Civil Society: Piven and Cloward’s concept of “Everyday Banality”: Fascism: Max Weber’s Definition of The State: The Social Contract, according to Hobbes: “Political Emancipation”: Secularism: Cis-gender: The Third Wave of Democratization: Schmitter and Karl’s Definition of Democracy: Asymmetrical Federalism: Ethnic outbidding: The feminization of poverty: Alternative Voting: Single-Party State: ISI: SSR: Refugees:

all course readings : 

# readings from THE STATE up to October 11 Origins of authoritarianism are found in the attachment of my previous questions, ( gened essay 1 and gened essay 2). 

# readings from political violence until the end are found in the attachment of this question.

# I have also attached my in class notes. please use them also.  (untitled 8 pdf / untitled 9 pdf)  


The State

September 4, 6: Why do we care so much about the state?  O’Neil, Chapter 2: States Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, Chapters XVII – XX, Pages 106-135 Max Weber, “The Profession and Vocation of Politics” in Political Writings, Pages 309-369 RECOMMENDED: The Economist. “Where Life is Cheap and Talk is Loose.” Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. . RECOMMENDED: Joel Migdal, State Power and Social Forces, Pages 11-18.

Ideas and Identities

Tuesday, September 11: The nation (and nationalism) O’Neil, Chapter 3 (Nations and Society) Ernst Gellner. Nations and Nationalism. 1-7, 53-62.

Thursday, September 13: Ethnicity and politics David Lake and Donald Rothschild. “Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic Conflict”.

Tuesday, September 18: Religion and politics  Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, “The Meaning of the Cultural Revolution”. Karl Marx, “On the Jewish Question”.

Thursday, September 20: Gender and politics UNIFEM Progress of the World’s Women: Women, Work and Poverty. Chapter 3, “Employment, Gender and Poverty.” Pages. 37-59 Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. UN Women. Progress of the World’s Women: In Pursuit of Justice. 2011. Introduction, pp 8-11, Chapter 4, “Justice for Women During and After Conflict.” Pages 80-107. Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Tuesday, September 25: Class and politics  Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, The Manifesto of the Communist Party.


Thursday, September 27: Democracies in general O’Neil, Chapter 5: Democracies O’Neil, Chapter 8: Advanced democracies Philippe C. Schmitter and Terry Lynn Karl, “What Democracy Is… and Is Not”, p.203-212.

 October 2: Democracies in specific  Pippa Norris, Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior. Pages. 339-77. Simone Weil, On the Abolition of All Political Parties, Pages 3-34.


Thursday, October 4: Authoritarianism(s): an introduction  O’Neil, Chapter 6: Authoritarianism Freedom House, “The Worst of the Worst 2012: The World’s Most Repressive Societies.” Available at

Thursday, October 11: Origins of authoritarianism  Eva Bellin. “The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective.” What is Totalitarianism? Debate and Conversation

Tuesday, October 16: Dictatorships vs. democracies  The Economist. “The Trouble with Democracy – and Dictatorship.” Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Additional material TBD

Political upheavals, political violence, and political transitions

Tuesday, October 23: Political violence Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish, Pages 3-7. Banu Bargu, Starve and Immolate, Pages 1-36. Asal, R. Legault, O. Szekely, and J. Wilkenfeld, “Gender Ideology and Forms of Contentious Mobilization in the Middle East”

Tuesday, October 30: Social movements Francis Fox Piven and Richard A. Cloward, Poor People’s Movements, Chapter 1, Pages 1-40

Thursday, November 1: Civil war  Stathis Kalyvas. “New and Old Civil Wars: A Valid Distinction?” “Congo war effects ‘apocalyptic.’” Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (2001) UNICEF, “Children on the run from conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Available at (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (2006) “Syria in Civil War, Red Cross Says.” (2012) Paper outlines and abstracts due.

Political Economy and Development

Thursday, November 8: Political economy: the basics O’Neil, Chapter 4: Political Economy

Tuesday, November 13: The political economy of poverty O’Neil, Chapter 10: Less Developed and Newly Industrializing Countries. Samuel Valenzuela and Arturo Valenzuela. “Modernization and Dependency: Alternative perspectives in the study of Latin American underdevelopment.” Paul Posner, “Targeted Assistance and Social Capital: Housing Policy in Chile’s Neoliberal Democracy”

Thursday, November 15: Economic and political globalization  O’Neil, Chapter 11: Globalization. Additional Reading TBD

Area Studies: Some Examples of Comparative Work

Tuesday, November 27: Russia – A Politics of Ideology? – vladimir Gel’man – valerie sperling

Thursday, November 29: South Africa – Race and Economy in the Rainbow Nation – shireen hassim – coetzee and du toit