Prepare: To prepare to respond to this prompt, make sure to read carefully over the required portions of Chapter 3 and Chapter 4. View the deLaplante (2013) video What Is a Valid Argument? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
as well as the other required media for the week. For more guidance about how to construct a valid argument for a controversial position, review the Constructing a Valid Argument (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
video and the document How to Construct a Valid Deductive Argument . Based on the sources, create a deductively valid argument for the position you defended in the Week One discussion
.Reflect: To make your argument deductively valid, you will need to make sure that there is no possible way that your premises could be true and your conclusion false. Your premises must lead logically to the truth of your conclusion. Make sure that your argument is sound, that is in addition to being valid, make sure that the premises are true as far as you can tell. If your argument is invalid or if it has a false premise, revise it until you get an argument that you can stand behind. Write: Identify the components and structure of your argument by presenting your deductively valid argument in standard form, and explain how your conclusion follows from your premises
The topic we chose was
Should Athletes use Performance-Enhancing Drugs?
needs to be atleast 300 words
Constructing a Syllogism
Creating a valid argument typically requires putting your argument into a particular form. Learning how to follow a form is thus an important part of learning how to create deductively valid arguments. Chapter 3 of our textbook introduces Categorical Logic. This discussion will allow us to practice using categorical arguments.
Prepare: To prepare to respond to this question, read the required sections from Chapter 3. Pay special attention to the explanation of Representing Logical Form and the Counterexample method in section 3.2. Also, pay careful attention to Table 3.1 (in section 3.4) as these are the types of statements you will be using. You may find it helpful to look at section 3.5 on Venn Diagrams. Then create a categorical argument with at least two premises about your paper topic. Make sure that your argument seems reasonable, especially if youre choosing an invalid form.
Write: To answer the discussion prompt, first present the form of your argument, using letters to represent categories as in the textbook. (You can use words rather than symbols if you like.) Next, for each category letter, say what category that letter will represent in your argument. Then present your argument in standard form by replacing the category letters with words for those categories. Finally, say whether you think your argument is valid or invalid and whether you think it is sound or unsound. Provide an explanation to support your evaluation. The first three steps will look something like this example:
Some S are M?All M are P?Therefore, Some S are P
S is Drunk drivers?M is Dangerous drivers?P is People who should have their license revoked
Some Drunk drivers are dangerous drivers.?All dangerous drivers are people who should have their license revoked.?Therefore, Some drunk drivers are people who should have their license revoked.