MArket Revolution and Emerging Democracy in the USA

MArket Revolution and Emerging Democracy in the USA



Use the primary documents to research and answer the following:

1) Regarding the home front, what social issues regarding race and gender were brought to public attention by the growth of wartime industries throughout the United States?  Why were such issues of equality not fully resolved by the war’s end?

2) How do journalists Pyle and Mauldin describe the war in Europe?  Why was D-Day such a crucial event in the war?  What obstacles lay in the way to defeating Hitler?

3) What were the causes of the Cold War?

Length: Three to four paragraphs (minimum)

Citation format: APA/MLA

Remember to include a work cited page using only the course content from this week.


G-9_Northern Renaissance

GUIDE 10                                                                                         Unit 3


THE RENAISSANCE                      The Renaissance in Northern Europe

·        Flanders

·        Germany

·        France

·        Spain

·         England                                                      

Annunciation by Jan van Eyck, 15… (Detail)

                                                National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.  []







                                      THE RENAISSANCE

The Renaissance spanned roughly 3 centuries : 14th -16th

1300s – 1500s


Petrarch, the great Renaissance humanist – Italian poet and scholar of the fourteenth-century, looked back at the preceding thousand years and saw only “dark ages” extending from the collapse of the Roman Empire to his own time.


In Petrarch’s view history fell into three periods:




Petrarch and other humanists of his time (scholars) admired Classical world as a time of the highest achievements of human spirit. The Italians were very proud of their own time, which they believed was a revival of classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome. 


As for the thousand years that separated these two distinguished periods, the Italian humanists called them Dark Ages  that had been marked by a decline of culture – a mere break in the history of human civilization.                                                       


Renaissance – *_

[What does this French word mean?]  



The Renaissance was rebirth/revival of what ? 



Do you remember why the Middle Ages are called Middle?


I want you to remember that the Renaissance first emerged in the south of Europe – in ITALY!

This happened in the end of the 13th century (late1200s).  Remember which historical period it was?

— Right, it was the end of the Gothic time. 


Yet, your textbook begins the Renaissance story in 15th century Northern Europe –in Germany, Netherlands, France, etc.  Why such a chronological leap?


— The logic would be that the Renaissance in Northern Europe was closer connected to the medieval culture and this provides us with a good stylistic transition  – you will be able to trace emergence of a new style within the previous Gothic frame.


Now let us open a new (and the last!) chapter in our course.  Allow yourself enough time to study the splendid art of the Renaissance époque.


Historical Background: Give a brief review of the most significant political, economic, and social events that brought about and determined a ‘face’/character of a new era of the Renaissance.  

Keep it short – “one event – one line”        





Now, if you want, play a little bit with the timeline – locate the Renaissance period on it.

Here is how to do it: Place a cursor before the red tab Renaissance… , and move it to the right until it is

placed above the proper period on the timeline.   [To move it just keep clicking on space bar]



         Renaissance    spanned   about   300   years                


  1200                    1300                       1400                         1500                       1600          1650                                                                               

                                                                              15th century                               


Did you succeed? Good! If not, that’s okay.   Just mark this period on the time line in your printed guide (circle) .

Remember – it lasted about 300 years.


What were the two most significant areas in Europe where the Renaissance culture spread?

In the South of Europe -*

In the North of Europe – *

                                                Find them on the map .


Flanders – *

                 [ Territory of what present-day countries did Flanders occupy in the 15th century? ]




                                                                                                                                                                                          Southern Renaissance



          2 streams

                                                                        Northern Renaissance 

                                                              Flanders, Germany et al.










  Stylistic characteristics Southern Renaissance



              Northern Renaissance








  Which one was more influenced

by the Medieval traditions?

And which one had the stronger

Classical roots ?


* Subject matter

Which one was more religious

Which one more secular/

  /worldly/ nonreligious?


* Naturalism / Realism

Which one exhibits more

“exactness” in depicting world?

Which one was more inclined  to

Idealismof ancient Greeks and



* Which one originated in

Manuscript Illumination?



* Symbolism

Which one is more laden

with symbols?




Attention:   Flanders – Flemish

Flemish art

Flemish painting





15th century


It is not certain when the Gothic era ended and the Renaissance began.

Gothic art has been called a long overture to the Renaissance. This is particularly well seen in the arts of Northern Europe.

            FLEMISH PAINTING  of the 15 th century     (1400-s)


Why the title of this section is called “Flemish Painting: From Page to Panel?”

                    Explain what the Flemish painting originated from.


Panel – *


[What kind of panel is meant when they talk about painting on panel?]


Tempera       (Please google this term and try to answer as many questions as you can)

What is tempera made of? – *

What are the ground pigments (colors) mixed (“tempered”) with? – *

How far back does the use of tempera date?  – *

When was the oil paint invented and where? – *

What kind of material/support for applying tempera came first – wood or canvas panel? – *

How did the artists prepare the surface before applying the paint?  – *


Define the terms:

Ground   – *

Gesso  –  *

Gilding   –   *



  The Limbourg Brothers 

A Book of Hours   

  When was this book created?  – *

What was its purpose? – *

  What scenes were usually rendered

on the calendar pages of such Books of Hours?

– *

What is depicted on the page from your handbook? – *

  How do you like this ornate festive of colors? It is very decorative, isn’t it.. .

Take a moment to carefully observe the beautiful details of this spectacular

entourage and  enjoy all the glittering colors of their costumes etc.



International Style

Why such a name?”


When was it developed? – *


In some books on Art History you can find the International Style in the Gothic section,

in the others – in the early Renaissance period.   Indeed, it was shaped on the border of two eras.




Symbolism – a very important concept when we speak of Northern Europe, as well as to Medieval.  Behind the most ordinary objects (e.g., like kettle or lilies) are hidden meanings.  We can say that these objects serve as symbols , or that they are symbols for…


What does the author of your textbook say about a challenge for us, modern day people, to understanding symbolic art? Why are our chances not too high to fully comprehend the works of art that came down to us from this and earlier times? – *


I like the thought  though that we still can enjoy this art even though we can not receive the whole message? Could you please write it down?.

Remember about this when you will be observing the Flemish paintings. 



In a way it is true about all art (Medieval in particular) – even when we do not understand what the artist was telling we still can feel an emotional depth in artwork –  it has a clear appeal – it affects us emotionally and spiritually.


Robert Campin  


Date:  *

  [datecentury:]                                 [ro-BER  cam-PAN …]Merode Altarpiece


Let me explain why Campin is also called the Master of Flémalle.

In long time the scholars did not know that the author of this work was Robert Campin.

They used to identify the author as the Master of Flémalle, because the style of this altarpiece

was very similar to the painting panels that once came from the Abbey of Flémalle.


Annunciation is depicted in the central part of the altarpiece.


                 [Look up this word in Glossary, unless you know what this biblical event was about]


The Campin’s altarpiece shows a combination of realism and symbolism that is so typical

for the Northern Renaissance.            Let us play experts and analyze this work of art.

Read thoroughly the paragraph and define what is realistic about this painting, and which objects refer to its symbolic character.

                         Keep it one statement or one object – one line/cell.








Kettle – *

Clean room -*

White Lilies – *

Mouse trap – *

Snow white towel (your guess?) – *


Just imagine that each of the wildflowers had special symbolic significance regarding the Virgin Mary!  This proves how deeply symbolical the Northern art was. As you know now, it took this feature from medieval art.



Jan van Eyck    – Arnolfini and His Bride .     

Date/century  *


Genre Painting                              [Define the term] 



What is depicted in this painting? 


Symbolism:  Though being secular (having no reference to religion) and very realistic in depicting details, this painting is still a heir of Medieval art – hence it is full of symbols.   Provide an example of used symbols in this work of art.

Dog was a symbol of *

Oranges – *

                   [They look more like peaches to me; Fruits often symbolized fertility too]

Finial of the bedpost (carved figure of what saint) – *

Broom – *

Why the groom took his shoes off? – *



Oil painting   (note before that moment we have talked about Tempera painting )


The Flemish artists, and particularly Jan van Eyck, were credited in the History of Art for introducing the oil painting.


The Flemish artists are called the “fathers of modern painting”, for oil has been the painter’s basic medium ever since.



What are the advantages of oil as a paint ? –    *              

(see in your Glossary or online – oil painting and glossing)



What does the oil paint consist of?  – *


Glazing  –  *




German Art                                 NORTHERN RENAISSANCE


  In what ways was German Art different from Flemish Art of this period?

a.       *

b.      *





Isenheim Altarpiece    – the most dramatic work of art during the Renaissance


The Crucifixion  


This type of art is called expressionistic? Why? What do you think?

How does it affect the viewer? How would you describe the work?

Which details better convey the unsurpassed tension and exaltation?








Albrecht Durer       

Adam and Eve               *      [date]           (Note – we are now in t he next, 16th century)


Durer is the most famed artist of the Northern Renaissance. But he was not a typical one.

Can you tell that his art was deeply rooted in the Medieval traditions? Or was it more classical oriented?  Why is he called in your handbook “Italianate“ master?



How does Adam and Eve convey Durer’s passion for the Classical art?

How does he treat human body?  Are figures idealized or rendered naturalistically like any of us, the common mortals? Don’t they look like classical statues?



As you, of course, noticed this work is not a painting. This is the first time – in the history of art we have covered so far – that we encounter this technique – “engraving.” Durer was a great master of this new method, developed in the 15th century.


Engraving      [define the term – look in the glossary or online]




Explain how an artist creates engraving print (on paper).



                                         * * *

As always, I recommend reviewing the guide right after completion.
Then you can take QUIZ # 8.


Was it an easy choice for ford to take on the position of vice president?

Was it an easy choice for ford to take on the position of vice president?


interpersonal for week 4

Make sure to write that in the give that has given in the word document for example



4 C

Make sure to do it this way. The intructions are given in the word document that is attached. make sure to label 4A , 4B the way it is mentioned in the word document….

Example for part – 1E and two


I don’t know how to say no to a family member when they ask for my help” might sound strange to some. Of course you know how, you just say “no.” In reality however, saying no may not be that easy, it may not be your habit, may not come naturally, and so forth. In addition, you may not recognize that there is a time for “yes” and a time for “no” and part of rectifying this communication behavior is establishing criteria by which you evaluate the appropriateness of saying yes or no given the circumstances. Then, you develop the necessary skills, language, and so forth to say no effectively.


Issues Facing the International Community

 First, choose one (1) of the essays from the “Issues Facing the International Community” below:

 Issues Facing the International Community 

Ahmed, Leila. “Veil of Ignorance” 

Caldeira, Ken. “The Great Climate Experiment” 

Colin, Nicholas and Bruno Palier. “The Next Safety Net: Social Policy for a Digital Age” 

Jenkins, Mark. “The Healing Fields” 

Haass, Richard N. “Where To Go From Here”  

 Then, let the reader know why you chose this particular essay. Does this essay discuss an issue that is facing you currently? Next, discuss whether or not your essay is peer-reviewed. How do you know? State the claim of the essay. Then, discuss how the author proves this claim. Is the author using the Toulmin method? Use complete sentences, give citations to back up your points, and create a final works cited citation for this essay. 

After completing the first section, consider the following. You are creating an argument using the Toulmin model. Have you used this style of argumentation before in your studies or career (either verbally or in past writing assignments/projects)? Will you use it in the future? Why or why not?   

**** Needs to be at least 250 words


APA 6th ed format

at least 3 in text citations

use the acutal essay u chose as 1 of your references and cite in writing

no plagiarism


Introduction to methodologies

Requirements due 2nd week of class:

•       Introduction and Methodology  – Use the appropriate template and only submit the portion of the template that services the assignment.

o        Introduction – what you plan to accomplish and why, include an overview of the situation or organization and what the situation/problem is that you intend to improve – usually 1-2 pages) Cite and support all content appropriately

o       Methodology is a research paper about Action Research, 2-3 pages (include reasons and justification for approach), minimum of five (5) professional references

 Attachments: requirements.docx


phi103 test


Question 11 pts
A common misconception about inductive arguments is that they __________.
are weak or strong
are more persuasive than deductive arguments
go from specific to general
go from general to specific

Flag this QuestionQuestion 21 pts
Which of the following is true about combining deductive and inductive reasoning?
One should never try to combine the two, but should make the best choice of which one to use.
If an argument has inductive and deductive elements, then the overall argument is generally deductive.
The argument fails to adequately support its conclusion.
If an argument has inductive and deductive elements, then the overall argument is generally inductive.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 31 pts
Inductive arguments aim for this type of connection between their premises and conclusions.
A true connection
A probable connection
A methodological connection
An absolute connection

Flag this QuestionQuestion 41 pts
Inference to the best explanation is often expressed in which invalid argumentative form?
Denying the antecedent
Affirming the consequent
Denying the consequent
Affirming the antecedent

Flag this QuestionQuestion 51 pts
One way to make an inductive argument weaker is to __________.
strengthen the conclusion
eliminate the conclusion
make the argument valid
strengthen a premise

Flag this QuestionQuestion 61 pts
This philosopher claimed that science should focus on falsifiability rather than confirmation.
Karl Popper
Friedrich Nietzsche
Ludwig Wittgenstein

Flag this QuestionQuestion 71 pts
What type of inductive argument is the following example?

The garbage cans were not picked up today; it must be some kind of holiday.
Argument from analogy
Inductive generalization
Statistical syllogism
Inference to the best explanation

Flag this QuestionQuestion 81 pts
Which of the following is true of the distinction between induction and deduction?
Inductive reasoning means going from the specific to the general; while deductive reasoning is the reverse.
Inductive reasoning means going from the general to the specific, while deductive reasoning is the reverse.
Some forms of inductive reasoning go from the specific to the general, while others go from the general to the specific.
Deductive reasoning never has a general conclusion.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 91 pts
When conducting a survey, it is important to choose a sample that __________.
is valid
has members with the same views
is intelligent
is random

Flag this QuestionQuestion 101 pts
The margin of error is __________.
the percentage of a population that expresses a trait that is being studied
something that is not important in statistical arguments
the a likely range of difference that one can expect between the sample and the whole population
usually greater with larger sample populations

Flag this QuestionQuestion 111 pts
Which of the following is necessary in order for an explanation to be adequate?
It does not agree with other human knowledge.
It provides an overly complex solution.
It is noncircular.
It is contradicted by other instances.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 121 pts
What is the word for an argument that is inductively strong and has all true premises?

Flag this QuestionQuestion 131 pts
Mill’s methods claim that if two or more cases share the same effect and share only one common characteristic, then this characteristic may be related to the cause of the effect. Which of Mill’s methods does this describe?
Method of agreement
Method of difference
Joint method of agreement and difference
Method of concomitant variation

Flag this QuestionQuestion 141 pts
What type of inductive argument is the following example?

Every Eagles record I have heard has been great, so probably all of their albums are great.
Argument from analogy
Inductive generalization
Statistical syllogism
Inference to the best explanation

Flag this QuestionQuestion 151 pts
What does it mean for an argument to be cogent?
It is valid and sound.
It is inductively strong and has all true premises.
It has a structure that is intended to be valid.
All of the above.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 161 pts
If thing A is always true whenever thing B is, then ____________.
B is a sufficient condition for A
A is a sufficient condition for B
A and B are both sufficient conditions for each other
None of the above

Flag this QuestionQuestion 171 pts
In the “What is a ‘Strong’ Argument?” video, what is the line at which we call an argument logically strong?
There is no strict line at which inductive arguments become strong; it is a matter of context.
It is strong if it confers a 90% likelihood on its conclusion.
It is only truly strong if the conclusion is absolutely certain.
It has all true premises and the conclusion is likely.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 181 pts
Using the hypothetico-deductive method how does one go about trying to test a hypothesis?
One deduces a consequence from it and tests whether it occurs.
One seeks tests that will verify its truth.
One avoids situations in which the hypothesis might fail.
One changes the hypothesis to fit the data.

Flag this QuestionQuestion 191 pts
Which of the following is the weakest example of causal reasoning?
Claiming that a rock broke the window when one finds a shattered window and a stone in one’s living room
Claiming that the caffeine from the coffee one drank at 10 p.m. made it hard to sleep
Claiming that one got into a car wreck because someone was texting
Claiming that one lost a bet because a black cat walked across one’s path

Flag this QuestionQuestion 201 pts
According to one of Mill’s methods, if there is only one factor that is present in a case in which the effect is seen and absent in cases in which it is not seen then that factor may be causally related to the effect in question. Which of Mill’s methods does this describe?
Method of agreement
Method of difference
Inductive reasoning
Method of concomitant variation


Star Wars, Episode V, The Empire Strikes Back (1980)

Write 500-1000 word essay in a 3rd person voice, by analyzing the movie in terms of the racial and religious trends of the 1970s and how Star Wars not only reflected these trends, but also created new trends as well. Explain why the film was so enormously popular in America. 

See attachment for the paper requirements and follow EVERYTHING.


Question 2.

 What are some of the major hallmarks of Ancient Egyptian Civilization? How do scholars organize Egyptian history and what are the characteristics of these periods?   In the event you want address a different topic, how about this: Even though ancient Israel was a small kingdom; it’s influence on subsequent western civillization was enormous. What is the historical significance,in your opinion, of Ancient Hebrew Monotheism?